narrative criticism

narrative criticism
A development in biblical studies, especially in USA, since about 1970. The main thesis is that readers (e.g. of the gospels) should read the narratives and respond to them as the authors hoped. Historical criticism is not rejected, but the analysis of the gospels into sources and pericopae [[➝ pericope]], to what is historically probable or theological interpretation, has reached no consensus, so another approach is suggested. Whereas scholars have often identified repetitions in a gospel or inconsistencies or gaps as indicating diverse sources or flawed editorship, narrative criticism invites the reader to assess the work as a whole and to note its stylistic characteristics which resemble those of other literary works with a beginning, a middle, and an end.
Some narrative critics, however, regard the newer discipline as complementary to, not a substitute for, the achievements of previous scholarship. Primarily they are concerned with those elements in the text which are relevant to the plot or theme or story-line: how the text engages the reader in its world and system of values; they note the characteristics and points of view of the narrator and his asides to the reader.
There is no single meaning in a biblical text. The gospel of Luke will be read differently by a black Christian in S. Africa from a white Protestant in the USA. Readers are active, not passive recipients of an unbiased text. For example, Paul's reference to the female Junia (Rom. 16:7) has often been taken to be a man ‘Junias’ on the ground that Paul could only have accorded apostolic status to men—‘of note among the apostles’.
Mark contains two accounts of the miraculous feeding of a multitude—of 5,000 (6:31–44) and 4,000 (8:1–9) and whereas historical criticism has often taken this as an editorial duplication of a single event, narrative critics read the two stories as we have them. Mark may have intended by the first story to show that Christ was the Saviour of the Jews, and by the second that he was the Saviour of Gentiles, since the event took place on Gentile soil (7:31). Narrative critics propose to put the reader in the position of the intended readers of the gospel and ponder on the remarkable obtuseness of the disciples who fail to understand, even after the second feeding, what Jesus was teaching and signifying (8:17). Thus the focus of narrative criticism is always in the final form of the text. Gen. 22, Abraham's intended sacrifice of Isaac, is an example of a brilliant narrative. ‘Narrative, whatever its medium, holds the interest of an audience by raising questions in their minds, and delaying the answers’ (David Lodge, The Art of Fiction).

Dictionary of the Bible.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Narrative criticism — focuses on the stories a speaker or a writer tells to understand how they help us make meaning out of our daily human experiences. Narrative theory is a means by which we can comprehend how we impose order on our experiences and actions by giving …   Wikipedia

  • Narrative Exegese — ist eine neuere Methode der biblischen Exegese, die besonders im englischsprachigen Raum verbreitet ist und seit etwa zwanzig Jahren zunehmend auch in der deutschen Bibelwissenschaft aufgenommen wird. Die narrative Exegese gründet sich auf die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • criticism, biblical — The examination of the books of the Bible with the resources of historical investigation, archaeology, palaeography, and linguistics. Biblical criticism starts from a conviction that the heterogeneous collection of books which constitute the… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Criticism of the Latter Day Saint movement — encompasses criticism of the doctrines, practices, and histories of the denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement, including the largest denomination, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints (LDS Church). The movement has been the… …   Wikipedia

  • Narrative structure — is generally described as the structural framework that underlies the order and manner in which a narrative is presented to a reader, listener, or viewer. The narrative text structures are the plot and the setting( also known as the shenter).… …   Wikipedia

  • Narrative poetry — is poetry that has a plot. The poems that make up this genre may be short or long, and the story it relates to may be simple or complex. It is usually nondramatic, with objective regular scheme and meter.[1] Narrative poems include epics, ballads …   Wikipedia

  • Criticism of postmodernism — has been intellectually diverse, but much of it has centered on the perception that postmodernism tries to deconstruct modernity and promote obscurantism in ways that are similar to reactionary movements of the past.[citation needed] Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Criticism of Mormon sacred texts — The Latter Day Saints believe that the Book of Mormon, the Pearl of Great Price and the Doctrine and Covenants are sacred texts with the same divine authority as the Bible. Contents 1 Book of Mormon 1.1 Origin 1.1.1 Existence of golden plates …   Wikipedia

  • Criticism of Akira Kurosawa — Despite the extraordinary acclaim that Akira Kurosawa s work has received both in Japan and abroad, his films, as well as Kurosawa as an individual, have also been subject to considerable criticism, much of it harsh. The majority of these… …   Wikipedia

  • Criticism of the Israeli government — State of Israel …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”